Side Effects Of Some Medications
Certain medications can have the unpleasant side effect of foot and leg cramps. Examples of medicines that can cause cramping include some diuretics, antipsychotics, beta-blockers, fibrates and statins, ACE inhibitors, beta2-agonists, and angiotensin II-receptor blockers. 8 If you suspect your medication is causing your foot cramps, talk to your doctor to see if you could be switched to a different medicine.
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Philip Tindall Says He ‘tried To Ignore’ His Parkinson’s
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Early symptoms of Parkinsons disease are usually mild and typically occur slowly and do not interfere with daily activities. You may experience signs in your feet and toes. Men aged 50 to 89 are 1.4 times more likely to be diagnosed with Parkinsons than women, according to Parkinsons UK charity.
Symptoms of Parkinsons disease and the rate of decline vary widely from person to person.
Common symptoms include muscle twisting, spasms or cramps, according to the Cleveland Clinic.
It adds: You may experience a painful cramp in your foot or curled and clenched toes.
The most common symptoms also include a tremor. Shaking tends to begin in your hands and arms, though it can also occur in your jaw or foot.
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The health site adds that people may also experience slowness of movement, rigid muscles and stiff limbs.
Rigidity is the inability of your muscles to relax normally.You may experience aches or pains in the affected muscles and your range of motion may be limited.
Some people will also find that they are unsteady when they walk.
Other signs include depression and anxiety, as well as memory issues.
Pain Is A Common But Overlooked Problem In Parkinsons Disease
Pain is an often overlooked non-motor symptom of Parkinsons disease . Studies show that between 40-80% of people with PD report pain, which is likely why it is often suggested as a topic for this blog.
One of the reasons why the topic of pain and PD is difficult to address is that it is sometimes tough to discern whether a particular pain is due to PD or not. Chronic pain is such a common symptom among the general population, and people with PD are not immune to common problems as well. However, there are aspects of PD that may exacerbate the pain experienced from a common problem. In addition, there are particular types of pain that may be unique to people with PD.
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What Is Your Advice On Footwear For People With Parkinsons
Make sure your shoes fit well, as shoes that dont fit correctly can damage your feet and increase the risk of tripping or falling.
Try to choose shoes that have a low, broad heel, and that fasten over the top of the foot close to the ankle. Shoes with laces, Velcro or a strap and buckle have a better hold on the foot.
Leather-soled shoes should be avoided as they can increase the risk of trips and falls.
How To Cope With Dystonia
I have PD. First thing in the morning as I am getting out of bed, my left foot cramps severely and my toes curl downward, making it very painful to walk. I have found that it helps if I put my feet flat on the floor immediately after sitting up in bed. Also foot massages help. If I can force the cramped foot so it turns outward, my toes uncurl. nelleford
When my dads legs cramp, massage helps relieve them. You can usually feel where the spasms are. Rub your hands together to warm them up first. Start below where the spasm is and work up towards them. With your fingers and palms, give a deep massage where the cramp is. Give your loved one mustard or pickles to relieve the cramp. I know it is weird, but it works. To prevent them, exercise is best. Try to get them to walk every day, even if it is only half a block. This will also help prevent falls. A good multivitamin every day can be beneficial. Look for one with magnesium and potassium in it. These minerals helps to prevent cramping. My dad eats bananas almost every day for this reason. kathyt1
Calcium governs muscle contraction, and magnesium governs muscle relaxation. I take a magnesium supplement if Im having leg cramps. Perhaps have your loved ones levels evaluated with a simple blood test. Potassium can be dangerous if its too high or too low, and too low can often cause muscle cramps. sherry1anne
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Charley Horse Is Not A Winner
Suffering from a Charley horse, also known as a muscle cramp, can be very intense. The feeling is that of a strong, sudden contraction of the muscle in the leg or the foot. The contraction usually comes on suddenly and can last anywhere from a couple of seconds to many minutes. Many times, these cramps occur in the calf or in the foot when you are innocently lying in bed or during exercise. These contractions will eventually go away, but they can leave behind intense pains and aches. Cramps can be due to many different reasons, but here are some of the most common causes.
Parkinsons Disease causes the lack of dopamine stimulation in the brain. This lack of dopamine usually occurs at night when you are sleeping. In Parkinsons Disease, foot and leg cramps most often occur when the body is at rest. The pain from the cramp can be so intense that it renders a person unable to move.
ALS, multiple sclerosis, spinal stenosis, and peripheral nerve disease can all also cause cramps of the legs and the feet.
Muscle cramps in the foot or leg can be because of too much activity or they can be from an underlying disease such as ALS or Parkinsons. In order to determine which is causing you to get all cramped up, call a podiatrist today. Call Syracuse Podiatry located in East Syracuse, New York. Dr. Ryan L. DAmico and his staff will help you deal with the pain Charley horses can bring. Call 315-446-3668 or make an appointment online today.
How Can I Help Myself
You will need to try a variety of sensory tricks to see what works for you as dystonia affects everyone differently.
Spasms may be reduced by touching the affected part of the body either before or during any movement known to trigger dystonia. Although this may not prevent or stop a spasm, touching can distract or trick the brain and reduce the length and intensity of a muscle contraction.
Simple massage exerting pressure on the foot, or the use of a hot water bottle or heated pad can also help, as can movement and exercise – see Coping Strategies – Tips & Tricks.
For eye spasms, some people find lying down, singing, yawning, laughing, chewing, putting pressure on the eyebrows or just talking can help. Spasms in the vocal cords may respond to yawning or sneezing.
Simply relaxing may also help so try taking a bath, having a massage or a calming activity such as yoga.
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What Causes Numbness And Tingling In The Face
A stroke occurs when blood and oxygen to the brain are cut off, and causes numbness, confusion, and more. Transient ischemic attacks cause headache, numbness, tingling, or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, and more. Wernickes encephalopathy can cause confusion, lack of muscle coordination, and vision problems.
What Are The Different Types Of Pain Experienced By People With Parkinsons
Five main types of pain are common for people with Parkinsons. Multiple types may be present simultaneously or occur at different points throughout a persons path with Parkinsons. Recognizing which kind of pain is present can help you optimize treatment, as can paying attention to what activities or times of day make your pain better or worse.
Musculoskeletal pain that affects muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments, and/or nerves. The pain can be localized or generalized and can fade or intensify at different times. Existing musculoskeletal pain can be exacerbated by Parkinsons.
Rather than being caused by a physical injury, this type of pain is caused by damage to the somatosensory nervous system or a disease affecting the somatosensory nervous system, which responds to external stimuli like touch, temperature, and vibration. It tends to be fairly consistent throughout the day and is present no matter what activity youre doing. Unlike the aching you may feel when youre doing a strenuous physical activity, neuropathic pain feels more like a tingly, crawly, uncomfortable sensation.
Dystonia, the movement disorder in which involuntary muscle contractions cause repetitive or twisting motions, is often very painful. Many people with Parkinsons experience dystonia as a motor symptom, whether its localized , in multiple nearby body parts , or all over .
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Muscle Cramps And Dystonia
People with Parkinsons disease often find that they are prone to a variety of aches and pains. For example, muscular rigidity and a reduction in, or absence of, movement can lead to cramps, which are often quite distressing and which may not be relieved by ordinary painkillers. Occasionally, people with PD may experience severe muscle spasms or dystonias that are different from ordinary muscle cramps and have different causes and treatments. This information sheet aims to describe the different types of muscle cramps and dystonias that may occur in PD and what treatments may be available for them
Anyone Else Experiencing Leg Cramps At Night
I take magnesium for cramps. It seems to help.
Magnesium helped me too. Here are a few other things that you might could try, according to below: calcium, drinking more water during the day, vitamin C and E, CoQ10. NAC can help boost glutathione production in some people.
Source: Muscle and oxidative stress
Multiple enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidant defense systems are present in cells to protect the membranes and other cell organelles from the damaging effects of free radical reactions. These include vitamins C and E, coenzyme Q< sub> 10< /sub> , superoxide dismutase , and glutathione peroxidase. Free radicals and other factors like dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, calcium and magnesium deficiency, and low carbohydrate stores may cause muscle cramps.
My husband has leg cramps at night also. He takes one Gabapentin at 6:15 and a second one at 9:00 which helps a bit. He also takes Magnesium and Potassium in an attempt to eliminate the cramps. His tend to start around 8:00 at night. Some nights, riding his exercise bike or taking a slow walk on his treadmill helps. Other nights, he stands for hours watching TV. He must have weight on his legs or they immediately cramp up. It is very frustrating.
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How Do You Know You Have Dystonia
Dystonia symptoms, similar to other Parkinsons symptoms, vary from person to person. Up to 30 percent of people with PD experience dystonia.
What body parts can it affect? The involuntary movements and spasms most commonly occur in the arms, hands, legs and feet. Other common body parts include the neck, muscles around the eyes, vocal cords and jaw. Stress or fatigue can make dystonia symptoms worse.
Physical And Occupational Therapy
It may be difficult to exercise when you are in pain. However, if you are in pain while moving and suddenly stop, the pain can get worse. A physical or occupational therapist can recommend exercises or techniques to target the source of your pain and to stretch and strengthen the body parts most affected by dystonia.
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How Can A Chiropodist Podiatrist Or Physiotherapist Help People With Parkinsons Look After Their Feet
If you have problems with your feet, you can visit a podiatrist or a chiropodist for advice there is no difference between them.
Podiatrists look at all areas of foot care, including how the foot should work during normal walking and the problems caused by not walking in a typical pattern.
Your podiatrist can train you to stretch and exercise your muscles to reduce the effects of stiffness or rigidity on your feet. They can also show you simple massage techniques to improve your movement and circulation.
Physiotherapists can also help you. They often work with podiatrists on foot-related mobility problems and to help prevent falls.
Dystonia In Parkinsons Disease
Dystonia refers to a condition in which the muscles repeatedly contract or twist involuntarily, leading to movement and postural abnormalities. Dystonia can affect a single muscle, a group of muscles, or the whole body. These symptoms can occur on their own or as a symptom of another disorder, such as Parkinsons disease. Dystonia does not always indicate a person has PD, and not every person with Parkinsons will experience dystonia.
When dystonia does occur in PD, it frequently affects the feet and toes. A significant portion of people with Parkinsons disease awake with painful cramping in one or both feet. Dystonic Parkinsons disease also can cause a rare condition called cervical dystonia . Cervical dystonia causes involuntary in the neck that cause painful misalignment of the spine. Fortunately, the vast majority of people with PD will not develop this type of dystonia.
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When Can Dystonia Occur
Each persons experience with Parkinsons and dystonia is unique. Dystonia can occur unexpectedly or during repetitive actions, such as writing or golfing. It can be brief or prolonged. It can occur as a response to your levodopa therapy, even if your medication is working optimally. And, it can occur at different times throughout the day or can be cyclical.
Foot Cramps And Spasms
Foot cramps or spasms can occur suddenly and with no known cause. Some common theories as to why they occur include abnormal levels of minerals or electrolytes in the body, dehydration, kidney disease, thyroid disorders, certain medicines, and brain disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis and dystonia. Muscle fatigue in the feet, numbness and tingling, twitching, rapid motions and tightening of the muscles are all common symptoms and can range in severity. Most cramps or spasms are temporary and will go away on their own with rest, stretching and hydrating. If these episodes continue to occur frequently, then a doctor should be contacted to test for a possible disorder or deficiency.
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Peripheral Neuropathy And Parkinsons Disease
A number of studies have tried to determine if PN is more common among people with PD as opposed to people without PD. PN is a relatively common condition in the general population, which makes it difficult to ascertain whether or not it is even more common among people with PD.
The available studies have varying results and are difficult to compare with each other as they:
- Include different types of populations of people with PD
- Assess peripheral neuropathy differently
- Assess for causes of peripheral neuropathy differently
A recent review looked at all the available data and determined that large fiber neuropathy was present in 16% of patients with PD, about double the prevalence of this condition in the general population. Skin biopsy-proven small fiber neuropathy was present in over 50% of people with PD, although this result was based on a small sample of patients.
All Up A Multidisciplinary Team Approach For Pain Management May Be Necessary In Addition To Your Movement Disorder Specialist Providers May Include Physical Or Occupational Therapists Psychiatrists And Even Pain Management Experts Each Of These Practitioners Targets A Different Aspect Of The Pain
Exercise to Relieve your Pain
Many different types of exercise can be beneficial for people with Parkinsons disease , including non-contact boxing, tai chi, dancing and cycling, as some examples. If you have limited mobility, you can try chair yoga or other seated exercises. Whichever exercise you choose, make sure it is something safe and enjoyable so that you can stick with it.
Its important to pace yourself and know your personal limitations. If during or after exercise you experience extreme pain you should look at modifying your routine and choose a less intensive exercise. Even the simplest exercise, including walking your dog or just puttering around the house or garden, can help alleviate symptoms of pain.
If you need help or advise consult with a physical or occupational therapist to help design a personalised program for you. Learn more about exercise and Parkinsons.
Non-pharmacological pain treatments
Complementary therapies are treatments used alongside conventional medicine. They take a more holistic approach than conventional medicine, aiming to treat the whole person including mind, body and spirit, rather than just the symptoms. These include massage therapy, mindfulness and meditation techniques, acupuncture, and heat or cold application. These may be used on their own or in combination with medication.
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How Is Parkinsons Disease Treated
There is no cure for Parkinsons disease. However, medications and other treatments can help relieve some of your symptoms. Exercise can help your Parkinsons symptoms significantly. In addition, physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech-language therapy can help with walking and balance problems, eating and swallowing challenges and speech problems. Surgery is an option for some patients.