Monday, May 20, 2024

Sinemet Parkinson’s Side Effects

Managing Levodopa And Protein

What are the most common side effects of Parkinson’s disease medications?

For some people with Parkinsons, protein seems to interfere with how well levodopa medications are absorbed by the body. Because of this, you may benefit from taking your medication 3060 minutes before you eat a meal.You may also benefit from a protein redistribution diet, where you take most of your daily protein in the evening. This can help the levodopa treatment to be more effective in the daytime, when you are likely to need it more.Protein is essential for a healthy diet so you should not reduce your overall intake. Talk to your doctor before you make any changes to what you eat.

High Fevers And Confusion

Although rare, stopping Sinemet or lowering your dose can cause side effects similar to those of neuroleptic malignant syndrome . This is a life-threatening condition that’s caused by certain mental health medications. It can cause very high fevers, confusion, irregular pulse, sweating, muscle stiffness, and changes in blood pressure. NMS is treatable if it’s recognized early. Don’t stop taking Sinemet or lower your dose without talking to your provider, so they can instruct you on how to stop the medication safely.

Will I Be Able To Drive While Im Using Sinemet

Maybe, but it depends on how Sinemet affects your body. In some people, Sinemet may cause sleepiness or even make them fall asleep suddenly. These side effects can be very dangerous if they happen while youre driving.

Before you start taking Sinemet, your doctor will discuss the drugs side effects with you. Your doctor will ask you about any other medications you take and any conditions you have that might be causing your sleepiness. For example, you may be more likely to experience sleepiness while taking Sinemet if you also take other drugs that may make you sleepy, or if you have a sleep disorder.

Your doctor may recommend that you avoid driving until you know how Sinemet affects you. If you do become sleepy while taking Sinemet and this sleepiness affects your daily life, your doctor may either:

  • switch you to a medication other than Sinemet, or

However, if you switch medications and you still have trouble staying awake, your doctor may still recommend that you dont drive or do other potentially dangerous activities. This would be for the safety of yourself and others.

Talk with your doctor about whether its safe for you to drive while youre taking Sinemet.

Recommended Reading: Does Parkinson’s Cause Mental Confusion

How To Take It

Swallow SINEMET, whole or as half tablets, with a glass of water.

For SINEMET 100/25, the score-line on the tablets is not for dividing the tablets into smaller doses and should not be used that way. If you must divide a tablet to help you swallow it, make sure you have all of the tablet pieces . If you do not have all the pieces, throw them away and take another tablet from the bottle.

For SINEMET 250/25, the score-line on the tablets is for dividing the tablets into smaller doses.

Mechanism Of Sinemet Medicine

Generic Sinemet Tablets for Treatment of Parkinson

Each of the Sinemet medicines, such as Sinemet 110, Sinemet 62.5, Sinemet 275 and Sinemet Plus tablets come with active ingredients of Carbidopa and Levodopa. Pharmacists and doctors even call this combination as co-careldopa and it is useful to cure Parkinsons disease by simply increasing the dopamine levels in the patients brain.

Dopamine substance acts as a neurotransmitter and it remains present in both nervous system and brain, while it transmits messages in between different nerves. These messages help in regular functions of patients body. Dopamine neurotransmitter usually remains absent or presents in lesser amount in brains of parkinsons disease patients and because of this, doctors perceive it as the prime cause of the parkinsons disease symptoms.

Whenever you intake Levodopa, it helps in the conversion of dopamine neurotransmitter in the patients brain. This replaces the dopamine loss and thereby, decreases most of the symptoms related to the disease. However, the main problem with Levodopa is that it converts dopamine in different parts of human body, along with brain, which results in palpitations, vomiting, nausea and other similar side effects.

Read Also: Treatment Of Dyskinesia In Parkinson’s Disease

How To Cope With Side Effects

What to do about:

  • loss of appetite, feeling or being sick having a low-protein snack with your medicine may help if you’re feeling or being sick. If you lose your appetite, eat when you would usually expect to be hungry. It may help to eat smaller meals, more often than usual. If you are being sick, take small sips of water to avoid dehydration.
  • feeling dizzy if you feel dizzy when you stand up, try getting up very slowly or stay sitting down until you feel better. If you begin to feel dizzy, lie down so you do not faint, then sit until you feel better. Do not drive, cycle, or use tools or machines if you feel dizzy or tired. Do not drink alcohol as it may make you feel worse.
  • problems sleeping avoid big meals, smoking, or drinking alcohol, tea or coffee in the evening. Try not to watch TV or use your mobile phone before going to bed, and relax for an hour before bedtime. Do not take any sleep remedies, including herbal medicines, without talking to a pharmacist or your specialist nurse first.
  • uncontrollable twitching, twisting orwrithingmovements let your doctor or specialist nurse know as soon as possible

Sinemet Dosage + Carbidopa

The dosage of Sinemet that you administer on a daily basis will influence the likelihood that you are to experience side effects, as well as the severity of side effects experienced. Medical documentation suggests that dosages of Sinemet should be carefully optimized by a medical doctor to fit the needs of each particular patient. The tablets are manufactured in a multiple Carbidopa to Levodopa ratios including 1:4 and 1:10.

If dosage of Sinemet is too high for the particular needs of the patient, side effects are more likely to occur. This is because when given at unnecessarily high doses, the brain becomes flooded with excess concentrations of dopamine. Abnormally high concentrations of dopamine may trigger anxiety, delusions, hallucinations, insomnia, sleep disturbances, etc.

If the proper dosage is given to fit the needs of a particular patient, he/she will receive sufficient dopamine to correct neurological dysfunction associated with Parkinsons, yet shouldnt experience as extreme of side effects. The goal of a medical doctor should be to determine the particular dopaminergic needs based on severity of Parkinsons symptoms. Initial starting dosage of Sinemet is usually 25 mg/100 mg , given three times daily .

Also Check: Big Therapy For Parkinson Disease

What If I Forget To Take It

If you forget to take a tablet, take it as soon as you remember, unless it’s nearly time for your next dose. In this case, leave out the missed dose and take your next dose as usual.

Never take 2 doses at the same time. Never take an extra dose to make up for a forgotten dose.

If you often forget doses, it may help to set an alarm to remind you. You could also ask a pharmacist for other ways to help you remember to take your medicine.

What Is The Most Important Information I Should Know About Sinemet

Parkinson’s Disease Medications and the Side Effects

You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to carbidopa or levodopa, or if you have:

  • narrow-angle glaucoma.

Do not use this medicine if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, tranylcypromine, and others.

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • heart disease, high blood pressure, or heart attack
  • liver or kidney disease
  • asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , or other breathing disorder
  • a stomach or intestinal ulcer
  • open-angle glaucoma or
  • depression, mental illness, or psychosis.

The disintegrating tablet may contain phenylalanine. Tell your doctor if you have phenylketonuria .

People with Parkinson’s disease may have a higher risk of skin cancer . Talk to your doctor about this risk and what skin symptoms to watch for.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Don’t Miss: What Other Diseases Mimic Parkinson’s

Before You Start To Take It

Tell your doctor if:

  • you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant
  • Your doctor will discuss the possible risks and benefits of using SINEMET during pregnancy.

  • you have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:
    • depression or mental disturbances
    • heart disease, including irregular heartbeat, also known as arrhythmia
    • lung disease, including asthma
    • kidney, liver or hormonal problems
    • convulsions or fits
    • glaucoma
    • peptic ulcer disease
  • you or your family member/caregiver notices you are developing urges to gamble, excessive eating or spending, medicine use or repetitive purposeless activities with other medicines for Parkinson’s Disease, and/or other intense urges that could harm yourself or others. These behaviours are called impulse control disorders. Your doctor may need to review your treatments.
  • you have previously been or are currently being treated with levodopa.
  • you have any allergies to any other medicines or any other substances, such as foods, preservatives or dyes.
  • If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell them before you take any SINEMET.

    If You Forget To Take It

    If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to. Otherwise, take it as soon as you remember, and then go back to taking your tablet as you would normally.

    If you are not sure whether to skip the dose, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

    Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose that you missed.

    If you have trouble remembering to take your tablets, ask your pharmacist for some hints.

    Don’t Miss: Head Tremors Parkinson’s Disease

    How Should I Take Sinemet

    Take Sinemet exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose.

    If you already take levodopa, you must stop taking it at least 12 hours before you start taking Sinemet.

    Sinemet can be taken with or without food. Take your doses at regular intervals to keep a steady amount of the drug in your body at all times.

    The tablet is sometimes broken in half to give the correct dose. Always swallow a whole or half tablet without chewing or crushing.

    It may take up to several weeks of using Sinemet before your symptoms improve. For best results, keep using the medication as directed. Talk with your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after a few weeks of treatment. Also tell your doctor if the effects of this medication seem to wear off quickly in between doses.

    If you use Sinemet long-term, you may need frequent medical tests at your doctor’s office.

    This medicine can affect the results of certain medical tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using Sinemet.

    Do not stop using Sinemet suddenly, or you could have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Ask your doctor how to safely stop using this medicine.

    Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

    How To Take Sinemet

    Generic Sinemet Tablets for Treatment of Parkinson

    Use Sinemet exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

    If you already take levodopa, you must stop taking it at least 12 hours before you start taking carbidopa and levodopa.

    Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Use the medicine exactly as directed.

    Take this medicine at regular intervals, with or without food.

    Swallow the capsule whole and do not crush, chew, break, or open it.

    The tablet is sometimes broken in half to give the correct dose. Always swallow a whole or half tablet without chewing or crushing.

    Place the orally disintegrating tablet in your mouth and allow it to dissolve, without chewing.

    It may take up to several weeks before your symptoms improve. Keep using the medication as directed and tell your doctor if your symptoms do not improve. Tell your doctor if the effects of this medicine wear off quickly between doses.

    If you use this medicine long-term, you may need frequent medical tests.

    This medicine can affect the results of certain medical tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using carbidopa and levodopa.

    Do not stop using carbidopa and levodopa suddenly, or you could have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Ask your doctor how to safely stop using this medicine.

    Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

    Read Also: How Does One Get Parkinson’s Disease

    What Other Information Should I Know

    Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your doctor will order certain lab tests to check your response to levodopa and carbidopa.

    Before having any laboratory test, tell your doctor and the laboratory personnel that you are taking levodopa and carbidopa.

    Levodopa and carbidopa can lose its effect completely over time or only at certain times during the day. Call your doctor if your Parkinson’s disease symptoms worsen or vary in severity.

    As your condition improves and it is easier for you to move, be careful not to overdo physical activities. Increase your activity gradually to avoid falls and injuries.

    Levodopa and carbidopa can cause false results in urine tests for sugar and ketones .

    Do not let anyone else take your medication. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription

    It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.

    What Future Medications May Be Available For Parkinsons

    There are numerous studies investigating new treatments for Parkinsons disease.

    There has been new information about the role of autoimmunity and T-cells in the development of Parkinsons disease, possibly opening the door to a role for biologics.

    Stem cells are also being investigated as a treatment option for Parkinsons disease.

    You May Like: Parkinson’s Disease Therapeutic Regimen

    Parkinsons Disease Medications: The Facts

    There have been many developments in Parkinson’s disease treatments in recent years. As such, doctors now have a greater understanding of traditional Parkinson’s disease medications and their side-effects. Scientists have also developed new drugs to help control tremors, slowed movement and other Parkinson’s symptoms.

    Before we explore the best medication for Parkinson’s disease, it’s important to address the facts. Firstly, Parkinson’s disease medications cannot cure your condition, nor will they slow down the progression of your symptoms. These medications are prescribed to help patients live independently and improve their quality of life.

    It’s important to note that some patients do not respond well to Parkinson’s disease medications. In this case, there are plenty of other treatment options to consider such as homeopathic remedies, physical therapy and surgical intervention. Again, none of these treatments provides a cure, but they can help ease or control your symptoms.

    Cautions With Other Medicines

    Are there any side-effects with Parkinsons disease medications? (Karen Blindauer, MD)

    There are some medicines that do not mix well with co-careldopa.

    Tell your doctor, specialist nurse or a pharmacist if you’re taking any of these medicines before you start taking co-careldopa:

    • iron supplements
    • tranylcypromine, phenelzine and isocarboxazid , or selegiline
    • medicines for psychosis or schizophrenia, such as amisulpride, aripiprazole, haloperidol or risperidone
    • anti-sickness medicines, such as metoclopramide or prochlorperazine
    • medicines for high blood pressure , such as atenolol, ramipril or amlodipine
    • medicines that make you sleepy, give you a dry mouth, or make it difficult to pee , including antihistamines, antidepressants and medicines for an overactive bladder

    Many medicines have these anticholinergic effects, so check with a pharmacist if you’re not sure. They can affect how much co-careldopa your body takes in and stop it from working properly.

    You May Like: Parkinson’s Disease And Dementia With Lewy Bodies

    What If I Miss A Dose

    If you forget to take a dose of Sinemet, talk with your doctor or pharmacist. Based on how long ago you missed the dose, your doctor or pharmacist may recommend that you:

    • take your missed dose right away, or
    • skip your missed dose and take your next dose as scheduled

    You shouldnt take two doses of Sinemet at once, even if you miss a dose. Doubling up on a drug can increase your risk of side effects.

    To help make sure that you dont miss a dose, try using a medication reminder. This can include setting alarms on your phone, downloading a reminder app, or using a kitchen timer.

    What Should I Do If I Forget A Dose

    Take the missed dose of the regular tablet, orally disintegrating tablet, extended-release tablet, or extended-release capsule as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.

    If you are using levodopa and carbidopa enteral infusion and will be disconnecting the infusion pump for a short time , other than the normal nightly disconnection, ask your doctor if you should use an extra dose before you disconnect the pump. If the infusion pump will be disconnected for longer than 2 hours, call your doctor you probably will be advised to take levodopa and carbidopa by mouth while you are not using the suspension.

    Read Also: Does Parkinson’s Disease Make You Tired

    Dosage For Parkinsons Disease And Parkinsonism

    Sinemet is approved to treat Parkinsons disease and certain cases of parkinsonism, which is a condition thats similar to PD.

    For these uses, the recommended starting dosage of Sinemet is typically one tablet of 25 mg carbidopa / 100 mg levodopa, taken three times per day.

    In some cases, your doctor may have you start taking one tablet of 10 mg carbidopa / 100 mg levodopa, three to four times per day. But this dose may not contain enough carbidopa to reduce your symptoms.

    If your starting dosage of Sinemet doesnt reduce your symptoms, your doctor may have you add a tablet to one or more of your doses. For example, your doctor may recommend that you add a 25 mg carbidopa / 100 mg levodopa tablet or a 10 mg carbidopa / 100 mg levodopa tablet, either every day or every other day.

    The maximum recommended daily dose of Sinemet is eight tablets of either:

    • Sinemet 10 mg/ 100 mg, or
    • Sinemet 25 mg / 100 mg

    Regular dosing interval

    Sinemet should be taken at a regular dosing interval. A dosing interval is how often you should take a medication so that its most effective. Your dosing interval depends on how many times per day youre taking the drug. Spacing out your doses with an even dosing interval helps keep the amount of Sinemet in your body consistent over time. This consistency can help reduce your symptoms.

    Dosage when switching from levodopa

    Popular Articles
    Related news