Tuesday, August 2, 2022

Parkinson’s And High Blood Pressure

Literature Search And Characteristics Of Selected Studies

I have Parkinson’s Disease. Why is my blood pressure low?

The initial search identified a total of 1,126 records in which 510 studies were duplicates. Scanning the titles and abstracts resulted in the exclusion of 582 studies. After detailed assessment of the remaining 34 full-text studies, 28 studies were excluded since they did not provide RR with 95% CI , lacked a non-PD group , lacked a hypertension-free group , or were casecontrol designs . The excluded studies with the corresponding reasons for exclusion were presented in Figure 1. Since the data in one study were separated by sex, we analyzed the data separately and considered them to be separate studies . Therefore, a total of seven studies were included in this meta-analysis. Based on NOS, all the studies were assigned a medium-high score .

Figure 1. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses flowchart of the literature search.

Table 1. Characteristics of cohort studies included in the meta-analysis.

Pharmacological Options For Treating Hypotension

If these subtle lifestyle changes don’t help sufficiently, your doctor may consider prescribing you medications that will increase your blood pressure by increasing constriction within blood vessels as well as blood volume, like:

  • Droxidopa
  • Proamatine
  • Fludrocortisone

As with almost any medication, it may take some experimentation before you find the drug that works well for you without causing unpleasant side effects.

Low Blood Pressure And Pd

Neurogenic orthostatic hypotension is a sharp drop in blood pressure that happens when a person gets up from bed or from a chair, causing dizziness or even loss of consciousness. Doctors define it as a blood pressure drop of 20 millimeters of mercury in systolic blood pressure , or a drop of 10 millimeters in diastolic blood pressure , within three minutes after standing up. The condition can put people with Parkinsons at risk of fainting, losing balance, falling and being injured. What can you do? Learn strategies to predict when blood pressure is most likely to fall and also take steps to avoid feeling dizzy in the first place.

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Understanding The Neurologic Control Of The Cardiac System

Before we explore this issue, lets first learn a bit about the autonomic nervous system and about the cardiac systems place within it. The ANS is part of the peripheral nervous system, a network of nerves throughout the body. The ANS exerts control over functions that are not under conscious direction such as respiration, heart function, blood pressure, digestion, urination, sexual function, pupillary response, and much more. The ANS is further subdivided into the parasympathetic nervous system and the sympathetic nervous system. Both the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems regulate most major organs. Often, they have opposite effects, with the sympathetic nervous system activating a system and the parasympathetic system calming it down.

One of the systems controlled by the ANS is cardiac regulation. Blood pressure sensors, known as baroreceptors, reside in the heart as well as in the carotid artery, the major artery in the neck. If the baroreceptors sense a change in the blood pressure, a signal is sent to particular areas in the brain. From there, the autonomic nervous system sends signals to the heart to control heart rate and cardiac output. Signals are also sent to the blood vessels to change the size of their diameter, thereby regulating blood pressure.

High Blood Pressure Pill Cuts Risk Of Parkinsons Disease

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The American Academy of Neurology, an association of more than 20,000 neurologists and neuroscience professionals, is dedicated to improving patient care through education and research. A neurologist is a doctor with specialized training in diagnosing, treating and managing disorders of the brain and nervous system such as stroke, Alzheimers disease, epilepsy, Parkinsons disease, and multiple sclerosis. For more information about the American Academy of Neurology, visit www.aan.com.

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What Are Parkinsons Disease

Delusions are false beliefs that are not based on reality. These beliefs are fixed. People experiencing them are unlikely to change or abandon these beliefs, even when presented with evidence that they are false.

Delusions experienced by people with Parkinsons disease are usually of a common theme. These may include:

  • Spousal infidelity
  • Thinking that people are stealing their belongings
  • Thinking people are trying to harm them
  • Thinking people may put poison in their food
  • Thinking people are switching out or substituting their medications
  • Other beliefs based on paranoia

Fluctuations In Blood Pressure

I know it has been well established that Parkinson’s patients often experience fluctuations in BP.

Does anyone know:

Is the cause Parkinsons disease or the medications?

Thanks

My guess is, Who knows!!

It could be one or both.

Just take good care of yoursself.

Love, Eva G.

I believe it can be caused by both.

My vote for the cause of blood pressure changes in PD patients is the disease.

After developing rather serious heart problems some years ago, involving high blood pressure, a “cabbage” , numerous stints and a rather gloomy prognosis, I was prescribed two different medications to lower blood pressure. . Then, in November, 2010, I was diagnosed with PD and have been taking Sinemet ever since. As the Parkinson’s progressed, the symptoms of heart problems lessened. including the high blood pressure. I was able to discontinue the two medications I had been taking for it. My neuro was pleased and agreed that the disease does sometimes improve heart problems and hypertension. I am not overjoyed to have Parkinson’s but, in this case the trade-off has left me, , to the good.

Well my husband, has come off his BP meds,

Since he had these problems, with his blood pressure,

Ok sitting down . But plummets when he’s standing..

But does vary with Parkimsons

It’s the disease not the meds. I collapsed before I had my diagnosis and the neuro said it was due to low blood pressure.

my neuro has never asked me about my blodpressure.

Isn’t this strange?

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Grounds For Cautious Optimism

The scientists used genetically altered mice and zebrafish for their study. The mice had gene alterations that induced them to develop either Huntingtons disease or a type of Parkinsons disease. The zebrafish had gene alterations that induced changes that model a form of dementia.

Treatment with felodipine reduced the buildup of toxic, incorrectly folded proteins and signs of disease in the mouse models of Huntingtons disease and Parkinsons disease, as well as in the zebrafish model of dementia.

When scientists study the effects of drugs in mice, they typically use higher levels than the doses that are safe in humans. In this study, however, the team showed that the blood levels of felodipine necessary for triggering autophagy were similar to those in humans.

They inserted minipumps under the mices skin to enable drug concentrations at levels similar to those of humans and to keep the levels steady without wild fluctuations.

Our data with this minipump administration suggest that at human-like plasma concentrations, felodipine can induce autophagy in the brains of mice and clear aggregate-prone disease-causing proteins, conclude the study authors.

These results are just the beginning, says Prof. Rubinsztein. We need to be cautious, he adds, but I would like to say we can be cautiously optimistic.

The drug will need to be tested in patients to see if it has the same effects in humans as it does in mice.

Prof. David C. Rubinsztein

Blood Pressure Drug Shows No Benefit In Parkinson’s Disease

Blood Pressure: How High is Too High and How Do I Lower it Safely?
Date:
American Academy of Neurology
Summary:
A study of a blood pressure drug does not show any benefit for people with Parkinson’s disease.

A study of a blood pressure drug does not show any benefit for people with Parkinson’s disease, according to findings released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s 71st Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, May 4 to 10, 2019.

The drug isradipine had shown promise in small, early studies and hopes were high that this could be the first drug to slow the progression of the disease.

“Unfortunately, the people who were taking isradipine did not have any difference in their Parkinson’s symptoms over the three years of the study compared to the people who took a placebo,” said study author Tanya Simuni, MD, of Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago and a member of the American Academy of Neurology.

The phase 3 study involved 336 people with early Parkinson’s disease at 54 sites in the US and Canada as part of the Parkinson Study Group. Half of the participants received 10 milligrams daily of isradipine for three years, while the other half received a placebo.

The drug had shown promise in animal studies, and a phase 2 study in humans did not show any safety concerns. Researchers became interested in the drug when the observation was made that use of the drug for high blood pressure was associated with a lower risk of developing Parkinson’s disease.

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How To Avoid Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension

If you can recognize your symptoms and are aware of what makes them worse, you can take steps to reduce and avoid them. Most importantly, avoid being dehydrated, especially during the months of hot weather. Ask your doctor to identify the medications you are taking that may lower your blood pressure and see if a change in dose is indicated. Avoid abrupt changes in position.

Sensitivity Analyses And Publication Bias Evaluation

The sensitivity analyses performed by excluding one study at a time revealed that hypertension history before the diagnosis of PD was significantly associated with increased risk of PD. The values of RRs with 95% CIs ranged from 1.11 to 1.42 .

All studies included in this meta-analysis were considered high quality . Publication bias was not detected in these studies .

Figure 4. Beggs test and Eggers test in cohort studies.

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How Is Blood Pressure Controlled

Blood pressure is changing up and down naturally during the day. It is higher if you are stressed or doing physical activity and lower when you are resting.

There are sensors in the main artery in the neck that report your blood pressure to the brain. This is part of the autonomic nervous system , which includes the brain, nerves and spinal cord. The ANS controls a number of automatic or autonomic functions , including the heart rate and blood pressure. As there is only a certain amount of blood in our body, the supply has to be managed so our brain monitors the blood pressure and sends messages to our heart and blood vessels to adjust it as needed.

During certain activities, some parts of the body need more blood than others. For example, during exercise your blood pressure increases so that your muscles can get more oxygen. Or, if you have eaten recently, more blood goes to your stomach to allow it to digest food, reducing blood pressure elsewhere .

Your body also senses when you stand up and stops blood pooling in your legs . It does this by increasing your heart rate and squeezing or contracting your blood vessels, to move blood around your body.

If blood does pool in your veins when you stand, less blood returns to the heart and as a result, less blood reaches the brain. This can cause dizziness or fainting. This is called postural hypotension and can be a problem for people with Parkinsons.

When Is Orthostatic Hypotension Treated

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Not all forms of orthostatic hypotension require treatment. If you experience a drop in blood pressure when you stand up, but have no other symptoms you probably won’t need treatment. Sometimes all it takes is sitting on the edge of the bed for a minute or steadying yourself for a moment after you stand up. But, if you feel dizzy or lightheaded to the point where you might lose your balance or lose consciousness, you will need treatment.

Because some drugs can cause severe orthostatic hypotension, your doctor may first try reducing some of your medicine or may switch you to another type of medicine. If you have significant symptoms of orthostatic hypotension, and it is not possible to change your medications, then your doctor will likely treat the orthostatic hypotension itself.

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Paraquat Herbicide Created Parkinsons Disease Epidemic & Blood Pressure Medication Linked To Cancer

Via Americas Lawyer: Monsantos Roundup is far from the most dangerous weedkiller on the market, yet federal regulators continue to drop the ball when it comes to protecting consumers from hazardous chemicals. At the Mass Torts Made Perfect conference in Las Vegas, guest host Brent Jabbour discusses with Mike Papantonio how Paraquat was just re-approved for commercial use by the Biden administration, despite the deadly herbicides links to Parkinsons disease. Plus, manufacturers of Valsartan have kept quiet about a certain ingredient thats primarily used for rocket fuel and inducing cancer in lab rats. RTs Brent Jabbour sat down with attorney Sara Papantonio to discuss ongoing litigation against the company.

Transcript:

*This transcript was generated by a third-party transcription software company, so please excuse any typos.

Brent Jabbour: A popular weed killer known as Paraquat is causing severe medical issues. The worst of which is Parkinsons disease. Litigation is just getting started in the matter. And joining me now to discuss Paraquat is legendary trial attorney, Americas Lawyer himself, Mike Papantonio. Tell us about this situation.

Brent Jabbour: Well, and its very interesting because when you look at that, you see the country that designed it. Theyve, theyve banned it. And the EU as a whole, its banned. In the United States, you actually need a full license from the EPA to actually be able to handle this.

Mike Papantonio: Yeah.

Parkinson’s And Low Blood Pressure

Page contents

  • Acknowledgement
  • Blood pressure is a measure of the force your heart exerts to pump blood around your body.

    Parkinson’s and low blood pressure are often experienced together. Low blood pressure may be a late non-motor symptom of Parkinson’s disease or it can be a side effect of the medications used to treat the condition. It may also be related to a separate health condition.

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    Types Of Hallucinations In People With Parkinsons Disease

    Hallucinations involve the five senses: sight, smell, touch, hearing, and taste.

    People with hallucinations have sensory experiences that feel real to them, but are not actually happening and are not apparent to anyone else.

    Types of hallucinations include:

    • Auditory: Hearing things
    • Gustatory: Tasting things

    For people who experience Parkinsons-related hallucinations, the hallucinations are usually visual. They are typically non-threatening, but less commonly they can be of a threatening nature.

    Often people with Parkinsons disease psychosis see small people or animals, or loved ones who have already died. They are not interacting with them, just being observed.

    Auditory hallucinations are more common in people with schizophrenia, but can happen with Parkinsons disease. With Parkinsons disease, auditory hallucinations are usually accompanied by visual hallucinations.

    More specific types of hallucinations experienced by people with Parkinsons disease include:

    Literature Search And Selection

    Ariel Tsai Acupuncture – Parkinson’s & High Blood Pressure Nov 2011-Jan 2012

    A search of the literature up to 13 July 2018 was performed from the databases of PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan fang, VIP and CBM , using the following search terms: and . The language was restricted to English and Chinese. Moreover, we also reviewed the references of the included studies to identify additional studies which were not captured by our database searches.

    Two investigators reviewed all identified studies independently, and studies were included in this meta-analysis if they met the following criteria: analytical studies the exposure of interest was hypertension the outcome of interest was PD multivariate-adjusted hazard ratio or risk ratio or odds ratio with 95% confidence interval were provided the most recent and complete article was chosen if a study had been published more than once.

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    Blood Pressure Fluctuation And Hypertension In Patients With Parkinson’s Disease

    Department of Neurology, Numazu Rehabilitation Hospital, 2510-22 Kamikanuki-mandagahara, Numazu, Shizuoka-ken, 410-0813 Japan

    Correspondence

    Tetsuro Tsukamoto, Department of Neurology, Numazu Rehabilitation Hospital, 2510-22 Kamikanuki-mandagahara, Numazu, Shizuoka-ken, 410-0813 Japan. Tel: +81-55-931-1911 Fax: +81-55-934-3811 E-mail:

    Department of Neurology, Numazu Rehabilitation Hospital, 2510-22 Kamikanuki-mandagahara, Numazu, Shizuoka-ken, 410-0813 Japan

    Correspondence

    Tetsuro Tsukamoto, Department of Neurology, Numazu Rehabilitation Hospital, 2510-22 Kamikanuki-mandagahara, Numazu, Shizuoka-ken, 410-0813 Japan. Tel: +81-55-931-1911 Fax: +81-55-934-3811 E-mail:

    Medication Used For Treating Parkinsons

    Low blood pressure can also be caused by medication used for the treatment of Parkinsons disease. This is especially associated with medications used for elevating the motor symptoms .

    The most commonly used drugs that are associated with blood pressure include carbidopa and levodopa. These drugs are used to treat tremor and muscle stiffness. But their frequent use is reported to widen blood vessels and leads to fall in blood pressure 00053-6/fulltext” rel=”nofollow”> 8).

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    On/off Blood Pressure Fluctuation In Parkinsons Disease

    K. Chung, B. Lobb

    Category:Parkinson’s Disease: Non-Motor Symptoms

    Objective: To examine ON and OFF blood pressure fluctuations in Parkinsons Disease patients.

    Background: The current practice often is to treat transient hypertensive spikes reported by patients or measured in clinics with anti-hypertensive medications. This may contribute to morbidity by worsening orthostatic hypotension and increasing fall risk. There are two studies that have demonstrated that BP fluctuation can occur in motor fluctuators during the OFF state . Baratti et al measured blood pressure in 13 PD patients, 7 with MF and 6 without MF. In the MF, the mean systolic/diastolic BP were significantly higher than the non-MF during the OFF state but not the ON state.

    Results: Study 1: Baseline, peak, and change values for systolic blood pressure were examined for the visit at 0 days of levodopa exposure versus 1 year for 26 people. In looking at MF versus non-MF as defined by a 10 % increase in tapping score at year 1, there was no difference between OFF SBP = -0.27, p = 0.79), ON SBP = 0.08, p = 0.94), or change from OFF to ON SBP = 0.35, p = 0.73). Study 2: Four PD subjects completed the study. Visual inspection of the ON/OFF cycle shows SBP displaying the inverse pattern to tapping scores indicating SBP may be tied into the levodopa cycle .

    To cite this abstract in AMA style:

    Mov Disord.

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