Tuesday, April 23, 2024

Copd And Parkinson’s Disease

Respiratory Dysfunction In Parkinsonisms

Currently using stem cells for treatment of: Chronic Pain, Parkinson’s Disease, COPD…

As described above, the presence of respiratory dysfunction in PD may be explained, at least in part, by dysregulation in basal ganglia and in other brainstem structures that control the central respiratory drive or peripheral airway muscles. In this scenario, it is reasonable to assume the presence of some kind of dysfunction in other forms of Parkinsonism, either secondary or primary degenerative, in which these structures may be involved .

Besides this, to the best of our knowledge, systematic studies on degenerative parkinsonians are still lacking, with only few data currently available about MSA and DLB, two degenerative disorders belonging to -synucleinopathies along with PD.

Inspiratory stridor is probably related to vocal cord paralysis or vocal cord and laryngeal dystonia, leading to glottis closure , and the presence of nocturnal stridor is classically considered an important predictor of sudden death in these patients . No data about the role of dopaminergic therapy or DBS are available in MSA, and some authors proposed an approach with CPAP or botulinum toxin injection into vocal cords . Obstructive sleep apnoea has been related to pharyngeal narrowing due to brainstem neurons degeneration , and similarly to other forms of obstructive apnoea CPAP is the preferential treatment.

Parkinsons Disease Life Expectancy

Most people with Parkinsons can have a normalor close to normallife expectancy today, thanks to new medications, therapies, and other treatments. Survival rates for those with typical Parkinsons disease are either the same as for the general population or shortened by about a year, studies show.

Risk factors for earlier mortality with Parkinsons include:

  • Being diagnosed before age 70

  • Having early in the disease

  • Developing Parkinsons

People with Parkinsons dont die from the disease itself, but from associated complications, such as infections or injuries . Cardiovascular disease is another common cause of death.

Treatments and lifestyle improvements, can help forestall cognitive decline, lower your risk of falls and strengthen your cardiovascular system. These can help improve your quality of life and, by slowing progression of the illness, potentially keep you living longer.

Researchers are continuing to explore new treatments that they hope will one day lead to better therapies for Parkinsons, which will result in an improved prognosis.

Parkinsons Disease And Melanoma

Even in studies that have established a lower overall cancer risk in people with PD, the risk of certain specific types of cancers is higher than in the general population.

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that has been consistently linked to PD. People who have had melanoma are at an increased risk for PD and people who have PD are at an increased risk of melanoma. The relationship between melanoma and PD is intriguing:

  • The substantia nigra, or the black substance, is the area of the brain that contains the dopaminergic neurons that degenerate in PD. These neurons are full of neuromelanin, a dark pigment found in the brain which is related to melanin, a dark pigment found in the skin.
  • Levodopa is a precursor for melanin and neuromelanin.

If a person regularly ingests Levodopa, he/she may be fueling the production of melanin, and possibly the production of melanin-containing cells, which in theory would increase the likelihood of melanoma. However, some studies have demonstrated that the increased melanoma risk is present in patients with PD even before Levodopa is started, suggesting that the relationship is not due to Levodopa intake but rather to a genetic link.

Epidemiological studies have shown an increased risk of non-melanoma skin cancers in PD patients as well.

What to do if you have an increased melanoma risk?

You should know what other melanoma risk factors you have. These include:

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Caring For A Loved One With Parkinson’s Disease

The caregiver of an individual affected by Parkinson’s disease is often their spouse, child, sibling, or another loved one. Caregiving is the actions performed to help a relative or friend with a disability or illness. An individual who is a caregiver for their loved one with Parkinson’s disease will experience changes in their role as the disease progresses. A caregiver will most likely manage their medications, schedule their appointments, help with daily care and hygiene, and act as a healthcare advocate. They will also provide emotional support as their loved one learns to cope with their condition.

As a loved one’s symptoms worsen, the demands of their caregiver will increase. Some challenges noted by caregivers for a loved one who has Parkinson’s disease include frustration around the ability to communicate, chronic fatigue, and the pressing responsibility for injury prevention.

Emst Efficacy & Protocol For Parkinsons Patients

COPD: n overview of progressive lung disease

EMST Evidence-Based Areas of Effectiveness for Parkinsons Patients: Improved Cough, Swallow, Speech Breathing, Lowered Aspiration Risk, Increased Maximum Expiratory Pressure and Sound Pressure Level

EMST Protocol for Parkinsons Patients

The EMST150 training protocol of five sets of five breaths, five days a week for five weeks is supported for Parkinsons patients.

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Who Should Get The Pneumonia Vaccine

You should get the pneumonia vaccine if you:

  • Are over age 65
  • Have a chronic illness, such as Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, heart disease, or lung disease
  • Have HIV or AIDS
  • Have a weak immune system from another cause, such as from certain kidney diseases and some cancers, or have had your spleen removed
  • Are taking drugs, such as prednisone, that weaken the immune system

Parkinsons Disease In Florida

If the parent, spouse or loved one youre caring for has Parkinsons disease, the level of dopamine in the brain is very low because the nerve cells in the brain that produce them have been damaged. The exact cause of the damage isnt yet know, but the condition can still be treated effectively.

Whats known is that Parkinsons disease progresses through these five stages:

  • Stage One: Movement symptoms such as tremor are mild and only affect one side of the body. Daily activities arent affected.
  • Stage Two: Tremor and rigidity get worse and affect both sides of the body. Daily activities are affected.
  • Stage Three: Movement slows, and there is a loss of balance. Falls are more likely, and daily activities such as dressing and eating are affected seriously.
  • Stage Four: Symptoms are severe, and assistance is needed with walking. Its no longer safe to live alone.
  • Stage Five: Standing and walking may no longer be possible, and 24-hour nursing supervision is needed. Delusions and hallucinations may occur.

Different doctors may use different scales to help determine the stage of progression your loved one is in over time. The stage will help inform treatment decisions. Ask the doctor to explain the scale being used so you and your loved one can track.

Since no two Parkinsons diagnoses are the same, its important to ask the doctor the right questions to plan for your long-term care.

Helping Prevent Falls with Parkinsons Disease

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Runny Nose And Parkinsons Disease

Runny nose, or rhinorrhea in medical jargon, is an annoying symptom that has been shown in a number of studies to be more common among people with PD than those without PD. The rhinorrhea of PD is not associated with a viral infection or environmental allergies, or any other common cause of runny nose.

Rhinorrhea can be an early feature of PD, sometimes present at the time of diagnosis. In fact, studies have shown that rhinorrhea is not correlated with disease duration, disease severity, or whether the PD is characterized more by tremor or gait difficulties. One study tested the smell of those with runny nose versus those without and determined that the presence of rhinorrhea did not correlate with deficits in the sense of smell.

There are no studies in the medical literature addressing how to treat the runny nose associated with PD. Ipratropium bromide is an anti-cholinergic medication that does not cross the blood-brain barrier and is available in two forms an inhaled form to treat asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema and a nasal spray that is used to treat allergic and non-allergic runny nose. The nasal spray may be worth a try in PD-related rhinorrhea.

Chronic Disease: Caregiving With Confidence

Stages of COPD

Nearly 30 million people in the United states provide caregiving to someone who is 50 years old or older. Nearly half of those receiving care are living with Alzheimers disease or dementia. Others are living with heart disease, diabetes, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease , Parkinsons disease, or another chronic condition.

Caring for a spouse, parent of loved one who has a chronic illness can be stressful and overwhelming. Learning about your loved ones condition can help you prepare for the challenges ahead and reduce the risk of complications.

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Clinical Validation Of The Emst150 In Assisting Parkinsons Patients

Study/Article: The Impact of Expiratory Muscle Strength Training on Speech Breathing in Individuals With Parkinsons Disease: A Preliminary Study

Study/Article: Impact of Expiratory Muscle Strength Training on Voluntary Cough and Swallow Function in Parkinson Disease

Study/Article: Impact of Expiratory Muscle Strength Training on Phonatory Performance in Parkinsons Patients

Study/Article: Speech and Swallow in Parkinsons: Prehab and EMST

Group Singing For Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Now clinical trials are underway in Kent in the UK to test group singing on people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease .

The Kent researchers claim that singing in groups can help people with chronic respiratory conditions cope during the times that they are overcome with breathlessness. It is indeed amazing to picture how people who are struggling to breathe can find the strength to be able to sing in a group. Moreover, the mental wellbeing of the seniors has improved, while their feelings of loneliness have decreased in spite of their breathing difficulties. Struggling to breathe from an incurable illness leads to anxiety, depression and feelings of being socially isolated. However, regular group singing may help people to manage better their breathing difficulties because of the positive social and psychological feelings that are produced by the singing events.

Researchers from Canterbury Christ Church Universitys Sidney De Haan Research Centre for Arts and Health have embarked on this venture in collaboration with those from the University of Kents school of sport and Exercise Sciences and the Medway Community Healthcare Respiratory Team.

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Priority 6 From The Palliative And End Of Life Care Psp

UNCERTAINTY: What are the best ways to determine a persons palliative care needs, then initiate and deliver this care for patients with non-cancer diseases , heart failure, motor neurone disease , AIDS, multiple sclerosis, Crohns disease, Parkinsons disease, dementia, and stroke)?
Overall ranking

Barriers and facilitator to palliative care of patients with chronic heart failure – PaCa-HF http://www.uniklinik-freiburg.de/aqms/projekte/versorgungsforschung/pacahf.html

Health Research Classification System category Generic
Extra information provided by this PSP
Original uncertainty examples Why is MCNS still overlooked by health care professionals when considering support for families caring for patients who are approaching end of life? ~ what is the best model of care for specialist palliative care for those with long term conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, COPD, heart failure? ~ What is the role of a specialist palliative care serves when patients have chronic (rather than terminal illness? ~ What is the best model of palliative care provision for patients with heart failure?
Submitted by Bereaved Carers x 2 ~ Professionals x 14 ~ Carers x 1 ~ Volunteers x 1 ~ Members of the Public x 2
Outcomes to be measured Patient Satisfaction health related quality of life health related cost quality of care
PSP information

Tips For Coping With Breathing Difficulties

Stroke and parkinson disease tremor, chronic obstructive ...
  • Work with your doctor to identify and treat any non-PD causes of shortness of breath, such as lung disease, heart disease or lack of physical conditioning and endurance.
  • Exercise as much as possible. Shortness of breath may lead a person to move less. Less physical activity reduces the ability to take deep breaths. Staying active improves pulmonary function.
  • Take steps to cope with anxiety. Talk with your doctor to figure out what sets off anxiety and find treatments and techniques that work for you.
  • Speak to your doctor about getting an evaluation performed by a speech-language pathologist who can help you address issues related to swallowing.
  • Give up smoking.

Page reviewed by Dr. Chauncey Spears, Movement Disorders Fellow at the University of Florida, a Parkinsons Foundation Center of Excellence.

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How Can I Protect Myself From Pneumonia

  • Get a viral influenza vaccine each year. Flu vaccines are prepared annually in anticipation of that year’s virus strain. Influenza can make pneumonia infection more likely.
  • Get the pneumonia vaccine to protect yourself against Streptococcus pneumoniae.
  • Get treated for any other infections in the respiratory system, especially those in the lungs.
  • Wear a face mask and avoid exposure to people who may be sick with Covid-19, a flu, or a cold.
  • Wash your hands before eating, before preparing food, and after going outside.
  • Eat a healthy diet, exercise, and get plenty of rest.
  • Contact your doctor if you think you have symptoms. Don’t wait for symptoms to worsen, as you may develop an emergency condition.
  • Don’t smoke.

Patients Care And Management

Management of advanced therapies is another important issue to consider during a pandemic . To ensure safety, many elective procedures have been postponed, such as new Deep Brain Stimulation or Levodopa-Carbidopa Intestinal Gel implants . Worsening of neurological symptoms in patients with DBS could be attributed to the bad functioning of the device, but it is advisable to check for possible infections or metabolic problems indicating the presence of Covid-19. Patients with DBS should be educated on how to use their controllers. It is mandatory to stratify the risk in case of battery substitution . The substitution is urgent when the patient has elevated risk of Malignant STN DBS withdrawal syndrome, a medical emergency, threatening the patients life, similar to the neuroleptic-induced one. It could be irreversible even with dopaminergic therapy. The patients at greater risk are those with more than 15 years of disease, more than 5 years of bilateral stimulation of subthalamic nuclei and good response to it.

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Breathing & Respiratory Difficulties

Some people with Parkinsons disease may experience shortness of breath. There is no clear cause underlying respiratory dysfunction in PD, its frequency or the effect that medications have on respiration. Several reasons for shortness of breath in PD include:

  • Wearing off is a common experience among people with PD who have been taking levodopa for several years. These occur when the medication benefit wears off and PD symptoms return before the next dose.
  • Respiratory dyskinesia refers to an occurrence of irregular and rapid breathing when levodopa medications reach their peak effect. These may accompanied by involuntary body movements, typically experienced as dyskinesia.
  • Anxiety is a common symptom of PD that may also exacerbate shortness of breath, whether by itself or as a consequence of wearing off of the medication.
  • Aspirationpneumonia is a pneumonia that develops after food or liquid goes down the wrong pipe. Advanced PD can increase the risk of swallowing difficulties, choking and aspiration pneumonia.
  • Non-PD health issues include conditions such as asthma, allergies, lung disease, heart disease and other conditions that may cause shortness of breath.

Symptoms That May Be Related To Pd


These symptoms can be associated with PD, but are also commonly associated with other medical conditions, so more testing is necessary. For example, weight loss may be associated with PD, but may also be a sign of a gastrointestinal problem or cancer. Pain may be associated with PD, but could be also due to arthritis, spinal stenosis, cancer, or a whole host of other causes.

There is a fourth category of non-motor symptoms that I would like to focus on now:

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Stages Of Parkinsons Disease

Experts have identified a general Parkinsons progression and created a set of Parkinsons stages, which can help determine where you are at in the disease and what your prognosis might be. However, not everybody progresses through Parkinsons disease in the same way or on the same time frame. Some people skip stages or rapidly progress to later stages. Others live for many years with mild or moderate Parkinsons and never reach the more advanced stage of the illness.

Here are five commonly recognized stages of Parkinsons, including what symptoms you might expect. Treatment also can occur during these stages to help prevent or delay later stages of the illness. This can include medication, , and lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and exercise program.

Study End Point And Comorbidities

Each study subject was followed up until one of the following outcomes: subject was diagnosed of PD subject was lost during follow-up subject died subject was withdrawn from the NHI system or treatment of the subject continued beyond 31 December 2010. We also searched for several comorbidities that were diagnosed before the index date that could be related to PD. These comorbid conditions included coronary artery disease , stroke , hyperlipidemia , hypertension , diabetes and head injury .

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Identifying Newly Diagnosed Pd Patients And Matched Controls For Each Pd Patient

The study population comprised newly diagnosed patients with PD and their matched controls. First, we identified PD patients using the registration code for PD in the program for rare, intractable disease from January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2006, and we defined the index date as the date of the earliest claim with the V124 code. To remove any prevalent cases, we excluded patients who had PD diagnostic codes or PD registration codes before January 1, 2004. As the V124 registration criteria did not exclude atypical Parkinsonian syndromes, we excluded patients diagnosed with atypical parkinsonism during the entire study period, from 2002 to 2017. Moreover, we excluded patients under 40 years of age. Lastly, we excluded patients whose total number of days of antiparkinsonian medications was less than 180 days. The list of the antiparkinsonian medications used in this study is given in Supplementary Table .

Then, we selected up to four controls for each PD patient matched by sex and age at the index date. Previous studies reported that matching 4 controls to 1 patient can minimize the bias in measuring treatment effect in the maximum number of matched controls,. Individuals who had the registration code for rare, intractable disease for PD , had any diagnostic code for Parkinsonism , or had been prescribed an antiparkinsonian drug during the study period were not recruited as controls.

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